Everyone is entitled to equal treatment and protected in the following five areas under the Ontario Human Rights Code, no matter whether (i) you enter into a contract with another party, (ii) purchase and receive good or services from another entity, (iii) involve in the employment relationship, (iv) buy, sell or/and rent a housing accommodation, or/and (v) join a union, professional association or other vocational association.
We are obliged to obey the 14 prohibited grounds of discrimination in these five social activities, including (i) contracts, (ii) services, goods and facilities, (iii) employment, (iv) housing, and (v) membership in vocational associations and trade unions.
The 14 prohibited grounds of discrimination under the Code are as follows:
- Ancestry, colour, race
- Ethnic origin
- Place of origin
- Family status
- Martial status (including single status)
- Gender identity, gender expression
- Receipt of public assistance (in housing only)
- Record of offences (in employment only)
- Sex (including pregnancy and breastfeeding)
- Sexual orientation.
Examples of compliance of the Code in the 5 social activities:
For example, an automobile manufacturer cannot refuse to enter into a contract with the owner of a car dealership because of the owner's sexual orientation.
(ii) Goods, Services and Facilities
For example, an owner/manager cannot refuse a customer to dine in his/her restaurant because of his/her race.
For example, a company cannot hinder an employee's promotion or advancement because of his/her family obligations.
For example, Landlord cannot allow to place an advertisement for targeting specific gender or ethnic origin potential tenant.
(v) Membership in vocational associations and trade unions
For example, a professional association cannot refuse a disabled person in joining the club.
In Conclusion, the Ontario Human Rights Code is designated to promote equality and prohibit discrimination in order to create a prosperous and harmonized society.
Further details can also referred to HRTO website at http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en.
Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be construed as a legal advice, but strictly for information only in this entire website. Please contact Trustworthy Legal Service for your independent legal advice in your particular situation. The first consultation is also required prior to my retainer of your case.
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